Articles related directly to CHAP

Research directly relating to the Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program  (CHAP) has been published in many nationally and internationally lauded peer reviewed journals, including the British Medical Journal, Hypertension,  and the Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine (JAMA) .  The Principle Investigators continue to publish relevant works every year as CHAP research continues to evolve.  Find published work which indirectly related to CHAP here.


Roerecke M, Kaczorowski J,  Martin G Myers MG. Comparing Automated Office Blood Pressure with Other Methods of Blood Pressure Measurement for Identifying Patients with Possible Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Internal Medicine 2019. Doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6551

Khan N, Bell A, Berg A, Campbell N, Kaczorowski J, Rabi D, Schiffrin E, Tsuyuki RT. A call to action to implement prescribing authority to pharmacists for hypertension management. Canadian Pharmacists Journal 2019;

Agarwal, G., Guingona, M., Gaber, J., Angeles, R., Rao, S., & Cristobal, F. (2019). Choosing the most appropriate existing type 2 diabetes risk assessment tool for use in the Philippines: A case-control study with an urban Filipino population. BMC Public Health 19:1169. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-7402-0.

Agarwal, G., Angeles, R. N., Dolovich, L., Kaczorowski, J., Gaber, J., Guenter, D., Arnuco, F. D., Lam, H. Y., Thabane, L., O’Reilly, D., Agbulos, R. M., Arciaga, R. S., Barrera, J., Gregorio, E., Halili Jr., S., Jalani, N., & Cristobal, F. (2019). The Community Health Assessment Program in the Philippines (CHAP-P) diabetes health promotion program for low- to middle-income countries: Protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health 19:682. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-6974-z.

Shirinzadeh, M., Afshin-Pour, B., Angeles, R., Gaber, J., & Agarwal, G. (2019). The effect of community-based programs on diabetes prevention in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Globalization and Health, 15:10. doi: 0.1186/s12992-019-0451-4


Lancaster K, Thabane L, Tarride JE, Agarwal G, Healey JS, Sandhu R, Dolovich L. Descriptive analysis of pharmacy services provided after community pharmacy screening. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy (2018) 40:1577–1586

Parkash R, Magee K, McMullen M, Clory M, D’Astous M, Robichaud M, Andolfatto G, Read B, Wang J, Thabane L, Atzema C, Dorian P, Kaczorowski J, Banner D, Nieuwlaat R, Ivers N, Huynh T , Curran J, Graham I, Connolly S, Healey J.  The Canadian Community Utilization of Stroke Prevention Study in Atrial Fibrillation in the Emergency Department (C-CUSP ED).Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Oct 26. pii: S0196-0644(18)31259-9. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.09.001.

Dahrouge S, Kaczorowski J, Dolovich L,Paterson M, Thabane L, Tu K, et al. Economic Appraisal of a Community-wide Long term outcomes of cluster randomized trial to improve cardiovascular health at population level: The Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program (CHAP) PLoS ONE 13(9): e0201802.


Agarwal, G., Angeles, R., Pirrie, M., Marzanek, F., McLeod, B., Parascandalo, J., Dolovich, L. (2017). Effectiveness of a community paramedic-led health assessment and education initiative in a seniors’ residence building: the Community Health Assessment Program through Emergency Medical Services (CHAP-EMS). BMC Emerg Med. 17(1), 8. doi: 10.1186/s12873-017-0119-4

Guenter, D., Angeles, R., Kaczorowski, J., Agarwal, G., Cristobal, F. L., Arciaga, R., . . . Dolovich, L. (2017). Choosing the optimal method of blood pressure measurement for limited-resource rural communities in the “Community Health Assessment Program-Philippines”. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich), 19(9), 899-903. doi:10.1111/jch.13028


Agarwal, G., Angeles, R., McDonough, B., McLeod, B., Marzanek, F., Pirrie, M., & Dolovich, L. (2015). Development of a community health and wellness pilot in a subsidised seniors’ apartment building in Hamilton, Ontario: Community Health Awareness Program delivered by Emergency Medical Services (CHAP-EMS). BMC Research Notes, 8 (113). doi: 1186/s13104-015-1061-8

Agarwal, G., McDonough, B., Angeles, R., Pirrie, M., Marzanek, F., McLeod, B., & Dolovich, L. (2015). Rationale and methods of a multicentre RCT of the effectiveness of a Community Health Assessment Programme with Emergency Medical Services (CHAP-EMS) implemented on residents aged 55 yrs and older in subsidised seniors’ housing. BMJ Open, 5(6). doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008110

Gelfer, M., Dawes, M., Kaczorowski, J., Padwal, R., & Cloutier, L. (2015). Diagnosing hypertension: Evidence supporting the 2015 recommendations of the Canadian Hypertension Education Program. Can Fam Physician, 61(11), 957-961.

Myers, M. G., Kaczorowski, J., Paterson, J. M., Dolovich, L., & Tu, K. (2015). Thresholds for diagnosing hypertension based upon automated office blood pressure measurements and cardiovascular risk. Hypertension 66, 489-495. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.115.05782

Thabane, L., Kaczorowski, J., Dolovich, L., Chambers, L. W., & Mbuagbaw, L. (2015). Reducing the confusion and controversies around pragmatic trials: using the Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program (CHAP) trial as an illustrative example. Trials, 16, 387. doi:10.1186/s13063-015-0919-3


Agarwal, G., Angeles, R., McDonough, B., McLeod, B., Marzanek, F., Pirrie, M., & Dolovich, L. (2014). Effectiveness of a Community Health and Wellness Pilot in a Subsidized Seniors’ Apartment Building: CHAP-EMS. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 38(5), S72.

Agarwal, G., Kaczorowski, J., & Hanna, S. (2014). Effect of Community-based Diabetes Awareness on the Detection of Diabetes. Journal of Family Medicine & Community Health, 1(1). 1005.


Agarwal, G., Kaczorowski, J., & Hanna, S.(2013). Community Health Awareness of Diabetes (CHAD): Description of a Community-Wide Diabetes Awareness Demonstration Program and its Feasibility.Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 37(5), 294-300.

Angeles, R., Dolovich, L., Kaczorowski, J., & Thabane, L. (2013) Developing a theoretical framework for complex community–based interventions. Health Promot Pract, 15(1), 100-108. doi: 10.1177/1524839913483469

Chambers, L. W., Kaczorowski, J., O’Rielly, S., Ignagni, S., & Hearps, S. J.C. (2013) Comparison of blood pressure measurements using an automated blood pressure device in community pharmacies and family physicians’ offices: a randomized controlled trial. CMAJ Open, 1(1). doi:10.9778/cmajo.20130005

Goeree, R., Von Keyserling, C., Burke, N., He, J., Kaczorowski, J., Chambers, L., Dolovich, L., Paterson, J. M.,& Zagorski, B. (2013) Economic Appraisal of a Community-wide Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program (CHAP). Value in Health, 16(1), 39–45. doi: 10.1016/j.jval.2012.09.002

Kaczorowski, J., Del Grande, C., & Nadeau-Grenier, V. (2013). Community-based programs to improve prevention and management of hypertension: Recent Canadian experiences, challenges and opportunities. Canadian Journal of Cardiology , 29(5), 571-578. doi:pii: S0828-282X(13)00102-5. 10.1016/j.cjca.2013.02.011

Karwalajtys, T., Kaczorowski, J., Chambers, L., Hall, H., McDonough, B., Dolovich, L., Sebaldt, R., Lohfeld, L., & Hutchison, B. (2013). Community mobilization, participation, and blood pressure status in a Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program in Ontario. American Journal of Health Promotion, 27(4), 252-261. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.101221-QUAL-408

Ye, C., Foster, G., Kaczorowski, J., Chambers, L. W., Angeles, R., Marzanek, F., Laryea, S., Thabane, L., & Dolovich, L. (2013). The impact of a cardiovascular health awareness program (CHAP) on reducing blood pressure: a prospective 27 cohort study. BMC Public Health, 13(1230). doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1230


Kaczorowski, J., Chambers, L. W., Dolovich, L., Paterson, J. M., Karwalajtys, T., Gierman, T., Farrell, B., McDonough, B., Thabane, L., Tu, K., Zagorski, B., Goeree, R., Levitt, C. A., Hogg, W., Laryea, S., Carter, M. A., Cross, D., & Sebaldt, R. J. (2011) Improving cardiovascular health at the population level: A 39 community cluster-randomized trial of the Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program (CHAP). BMJ, 7, 342-d442. doi:10.1136/bmj.d442


Karwalajtys, T., & Kaczorowski, J. (2010). An integrated approach to preventing cardiovascular disease – community-based approaches, health system initiatives and public health policy. Risk Management and Healthcare Policy, 3, 39–48. doi: 10.2147/RMHP.S7528


Carter, M., Karwalajtys, T., Chambers, L. W., Kaczorowski, J., Dolovich, L., Gierman, T., Cross, D., & Laryea, S. (2009). Implementing a standardized community-based cardiovascular risk assessment program in 20 Ontario communities. Health Promotion International, 24(4), 325-333. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dap030

Karwalajtys, T., Kaczorowski, J., Hutchison, B., Myers, M. G., Sullivan, S. M., Chambers, L. W., & Lohfeld, L. (2009). Blood pressure variability and prevalence of hypertension using automated readings from multiple visits to a pharmacy-based community-wide programme. J Hum Hypertens, 9, 585-589. doi: 10.1038/jhh.2008.163

Karwalajtys, T., McDonough, B., Hall, H., Guirguis-Younger, M., Chambers, L. W., Kaczorowski, J., Lohfeld, L., & Hutchison, B. (2009). Development of the volunteer peer educator role in a Community Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program (CHAP):  A process evaluation in two communities. Journal of Community Health, 34(4), 336-345. doi: 1007/s10900-009-9149-5

Ma, J., Thabane, L., Kaczorowski, J., Chambers, L. W., Dolovich, L., Karwalajtys, T., & Levitt, C. (2009). Comparison of Bayesian and classical methods in the analysis of cluster randomized controlled trials with a binary outcome: The Community Hypertension Assessment Trial (CHAT). BMC Medical Research Methodology, 9(37). doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-9-37


Broomfield, J., Schieda, N., Sullivan, S. M., Chambers, L. W., Kaczorowski, J., & Karwalajtys, T. (2008). Recording blood pressure readings in elderly patients’ charts: What patient and physician characteristics make it more likely?. Can Fam Physician, 54, 230 -231. PMID: 18272639

Jones, C. A., Simpson, S. H., Mitchell, D., Haggarty, S., Campbell, N., Then, K., Lewanczuk, R. Z., Sebaldt, R. J., Farrell, B., Dolovich, L., Kaczorowski, J., & Chambers, L. W. (2008). Enhancing Hypertension Awareness and Management in the Elderly: Lessons Learned from the Airdrie-Community Hypertension Awareness and Management Program (A-CHAMP). Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 24(7), 561-567.PMID: 18612498

Kaczorowski, J., Chambers, L. W., Karwalajtys, T., Dolovich, L., Farrell, B., McDonough, B., Sebaldt, R., Levitt, C., Hogg, W., Thabane, T., Tu, K., Goeree, R., Paterson, M., Shubair, M., Gierman, T., Sullivan, S., & Carter, M. (2008). Cardiovascular Health Awareness Program (CHAP): a community cluster-randomised trial among elderly Canadians. Preventive Medicine, 46(6), 537–544. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.02.005


Lau, E., Kaczorowski, J., Karwalajtys, T., Dolovich, L., Levine, M., & Chambers, L.W. (2006). Blood Pressure Awareness and Self-Monitoring Practices Among Primary Care Elderly Patients Attending a Pharmacy-based Cardiovascular Awareness Program. Canadian Pharmacy Journal, 139(6), 34-41.


Chambers, L. W., Kaczorowski, J., Dolovich, L., Karwalajtys, T., Hall, H. L., McDonough, B., Hogg, W., Farrell, B., Hendriks, A., & Levitt, C. (2005). A Community-based Program for Cardiovascular Health Awareness. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 96(4), 294-298. PMID: 16625801

Karwalajtys, T., Kaczorowski, J., Chambers, L. W., Levitt, C., Dolovich, L., McDonough, B., Patterson, C., & Williams, J. E. (2005). A randomized trial of mail vs. telephone invitation to a community-based cardiovascular health awareness program for older family practice patients. BMC Family Practice, 6(35). Doi : 10.1186/1471-2296-6-35

Pora, V. V., Farrell, B., Dolovich, L., Kaczorowski, J., & Chambers, L. W. (2005). Promoting cardiovascular health among older adults: A pilot study with community pharmacists. Canadian Pharmacy Journal, 138(7), 50-55.


Chambers, L. W., Kaczorowski, J., Levitt, C., Karwalajtys, T., McDonough, B., & Lewis, J. (2002). Blood pressure self-monitoring in pharmacies: Building on existing resources. Canadian Family Physician, 48, 1594-1595.